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Le Nouvel Observateur - France | Thursday, January 17, 2008

For Abdelwahab Meddeb, the Koran is the product of man

In an interview conducted by Gilles Anquetil, Abdelwahab Meddeb, the Frano-Tunisian poet and writer believes that "the return to the Mutazilites, these 9th Century rationalist theologians, is priceless. Didn't they defend the idea of a 'created Koran' against those literalists who took the Koran as 'received'? What is the 'created Koran' if not the belief in writings inspired by God and translated into the language of man? This human mediation implies the necessity to situate the text in the context of its proliferation and to go back to the time of its relevation, which is anthropologically outdated. Its meaning is thus relative. What happened with the Bible at the end of the 17th Century is happening with the Koran today. There are many Muslim researchers who are participating. Our role is to bring the results of this research to the largest number of people possible."

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