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Shihab, Sophie

Correspondante en Turquie

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2 articles of this author have been cited in the European Press Review so far.

Le Monde - France | 30/08/2007

A change of constitution in Turkey?

In the wake of Abdullah Gül's election as President of Turkey on August 28th, the journalist Sophie Shihab notes that circumstances are propitious for the Turkish Parliament to discuss a "new Constitution, as all the democrats in the country have been requesting in vain for years. A 'Civil' Constitution responding to European criteria in place of the current one referred to as a 'Military Constitution'. This promises more confrontation with the army and defenders and of the Kemalist Orthodoxy. But many of the latter, members of the Republican People's Party (CHP), which remains the primary opposition party, appear determined to break away from its direction stuck in anti-western nationalism ... . The success of this project would allow historians in the future to refer to 'the era that began on August 28, 2007 as one of compromise between the secular and the religious ... ', considers the editorialist Mehmet Ali Birand."

Le Monde - France | 04/08/2007

The new Turkish Parliament

For the journalist Sophie Shihab, the Turkish general staff has "no choice but to bow down". "The balance of power has changed to the disadvantage of the Generals, none of whose tactics applied during the crisis appear recyclable. The threatening memorandum published by the army on its website [on April 27th, it threatened to intervene if the state's secularism were endangered] certainly impressed, the Constitutional Court has however since shown that it will hitherto resist any more of this type of manipulation. The mass pro-secular rallies ... that the general staff called, at the risk of enflaming Turkish-Kurd antagonism, were a patent failure. Above all, the Turkish army, whose legitimacy rests on its prestige, which is constantly under the scrutiny of the surveys it commissions, cannot block a candidate that has been virtually elected by plebiscite. The army no longer has the means to prevent the election of Abdullah Gül, current Minister of Foreign affairs as president."

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