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Schiavone, Aldo

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5 articles of this author have been cited in the European Press Review so far.

La Repubblica - Italy | 24/03/2009

Italy founds new conservative party

At the end of March a new party was founded in Rome, "The People of Freedom" formed from the post-fascist Alleanza Nazionale, which was disbanded on Sunday, and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia. Aldo Schiavone comments in the left-wing daily La Repubblica on the long-standing lack of a major conservative party in Italy: "This is an absolute anomaly compared with all the other large Western democracies. This shortcoming can be explained with reference to the traumas that Italy suffered at the beginning of the 20th century. ... Today the conservative party, a decisive element in a country's democratic normalisation, is faced with new prospects. Yes, it must still blend tradition with attitudes to the nation and the world, but it takes a new approach. ... And here is where people are of two minds. ... On the one hand we have the pluralist, open view of Gianfranco Fini, the former leader of the Alleanza Nazionale, and on the other the local, Neo-Guelph [pro-Vatican] view of the finance minister Giulio Tremonti, for example, who is firmly aligned with the Church."

La Repubblica - Italy | 10/12/2008

Aldo Schiavone on the end of harmony in Italy

The economic crisis will soon put an end to the harmony between Italians and their prime minister Silvio Berlusconi, writes Aldo Schiavone in his leading article for the left-liberal Italian newspaper La Repubblica: "For the first time in ages, perhaps even since he entered politics, a situation has arisen in which Silvio Berlusconi has fallen into disaccord with that key part of the population that has followed him until now. For fifteen years our prime minister has constantly churned out the same story: his own. He has shown a knack for being the symbolic representation of his own self, a living statue to his own success, his will to survive. ... Berlusconi has not changed the country, but simply been able to make opportune use of a popular surge, hoisting his sails and riding it out while taking advantage of his opponents' grave mistakes. All of that is now over. We must quickly learn to live with recession. We must abolish privileges, develop new consumer strategies and above all keep a close eye on this dire situation. And precisely that lies entirely outside the prime minister's field of vision and - to use an anthropological term - beyond his cultural reach."

La Repubblica - Italy | 15/09/2008

The commandments that divide us

Aldo Schiavone comments in the daily La Repubblica on the asymmetry between the principle of freedom and the principle of unity evident in the speech Pope Benedict XVI delivered at the Collège des Bernadins in Paris on Sunday. "The Pope has revealed the true mission of his term in office: to appeal to people's reason before appealing to their hearts, to engineer a great theological concept that reconciles the Church with modernity and faith with reason. ... The path to salvation is to link up the principles of freedom and unity. The situation is complicated by the fact that the Church sees specific manifestations of these principles - such as those to do with the family, life, death, the role of women - as direct consequences of the absolute, as direct and irrevocable echoes of the Word of God. This results in an irreparable asymmetry that compromises the possibility of a new alliance between reason and faith: while the concept of freedom has had a defining influence on the history of mankind and can always be called into question, the concept of unity that the Church claims for its own is of supernatural origin, and one must submit to it."

La Repubblica - Italy | 25/06/2008

The triumph of fear

The newspaper La Repubblica looks at the phenomenon of fear which is spreading across Italy and other Western societies: "We are not the only ones with major fears. History is full of examples of frightened societies that were paralysed by their nightmares. ... The paradox is that our societies, at least in this hemisphere, are the most secure there have ever been. And nevertheless fear is growing. Indeed it is being fanned, and every gain is turned around and shown as a possible loss. ... The wave of fear in the West has spilled over into the public discourse; our times are characterised by the duo of politics and fear. Above all in America and Italy the right-wing parties have turned this to their advantage. Bush built up his career on the spectre of terrorism, while Berlusconi did not hesitate to profit from the shudder of fear that was running through the country. The Italian Right has turned the ability to give fear a voice into a popular movement. Increasingly this is becoming a social and cultural blockade, in the face of which the Left is powerless. It is not easy to oppose the right-wing axis of fear with left-wing hope, nor to oppose restrictions and conservatism with openness and freedom. But there is no alternative."

La Repubblica - Italy | 06/09/2007

How to improve Italian schooling ?

The professor of Law History, Aldo Schiavone reflects on the role of school in Italy. "The real problem with education in Italy is the conflict between the social function of school and the early identification of the most gifted children. School was long considered a tool for the homogenous spreading of knowledge guaranteeing the solidarity and equality of social classes. ... From the 1970s, the system changed the egalitarian practice of dumbing-down when pervasive union control along with distrust of the marking system over-turned this model. ... These days, the economic and social growth of the country has no choice but to evaluate talent. It is no longer democracy that should be taken into schools, but on the contrary, school that should guarantee the very existence of democracy, which necessitates knowledge, diversity and critical analysis."

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