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Kugler, Martin

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4 articles of this author have been cited in the European Press Review so far.

Die Presse - Austria | 02/06/2009

Excellence means farewell to pork-barrel politics

The daily Die Presse interprets several recent decisions made by the Austrian government as evidence of a changed education policy, saying Austria now wants to be an innovator instead of imitator and send its universities on a quest for "excellence": "It is a good sign that no one is protesting aloud against the quest for excellence. A few years ago things were different: back then there was much criticism of the performance agreements under which the size of a university's budget is coupled to its performance. … One must hope that all parties will understand this now. If we look at the further implications of excellence it means that the provincial thinking, party political games, promotion of particular interests and pork-barrel politics must end. If they don't Austria will continue to be subject to its provincial mentality - and the rest of the world will leave us trailing behind."

Die Presse - Austria | 04/01/2008

Record price for crude oil

Martin Kugler considers the consequences of "oil shock." "First of all, we have to make better use of the available fossil fuels. The keyword is efficiency – and it's been pronounced already by energy producers and politicians. Everyone benefits from greater efficiency (except for energy suppliers). Even international politics would look completely different if efficiency were taken seriously. ... Simultaneously, there must be a mandatory search for alternatives. These days there are dozens of new ideas, new approaches, new technologies. It takes a long time to execute them – we have to start immediately. Undoubtedly, we will need all possible technologies to be able to satisfy the world's hunger for energy. And that regardless of the price of oil."

Die Presse - Austria | 27/10/2006

Austria as a "gateway to the Balkans"

In the light of Romania and Bulgaria's upcoming accession to the EU, Martin Kugler reflects on Austria's potential to play a leading role in Southeast Europe, noting that Greece and Turkey are also making bids to gain access to these new markets. "Greece has already made inroads in the banking sector: Greek institutions have a 15 percent market share. Next year Greece plans to focus on the energy sector. Athens is pulling all it strings to ensure that oil and gas supplies from the Black Sea region to the Mediterranean run through Greek territory... Austria has many historical ties with Southeast Europe, and unlike the Germans or the Americans, Austrians understand the mentality of these countries. But one shouldn't forget that Greece is also part of the Balkan region and that Turkey also played a leading historical role in the region – even more so than Austria."

Die Presse - Austria | 25/07/2006

The new economic world order will have to wait

Martin Kugler blames the obstinacy of Europeans and Americans for the failure of the most recent WTO conference in Doha: "The WTO talks have failed de facto, and with them the WTO as a whole. Founded a decade ago on the basis of the GATT agreements to be the 'strong arm of globalization', the organization has made much progress in its bid to remove trade barriers: duties on goods have gone down, other obstacles to free trade have been reduced, and customs regulations have been simplified. The globalization of trade we are now experiencing would not be possible without the WTO. But now there is the danger that the organization will be limited to the role of administrator of the status quo – a court presiding over the settlement of disputes. It will no longer be able to influence the direction which the world economy takes, because the US and an increasing number of European states have announced that they will be concluding more bilateral agreements. This leaves developing countries entirely defenceless and at the mercy of the 'super powers'."

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