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Kershaw, Ian


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2 articles of this author have been cited in the European Press Review so far.


El Mundo - Spain | 05/02/2008

Ian Kershaw on the birth of totalitarianism

The British historian Ian Kershaw ponders how democracy "gave birth to a monster" in Germany. "What happened in 1933 reminds us of the need to join forces in order to control the 'rabid dogs' likely to appear on the global political scene, before they become so dangerous they might bite. Could history be repeated? Following the 75th anniversary of Hitler's rise to power last week, this question springs to mind. ... Everywhere, different forms of authoritarianism are appearing (and will continue to do so, some of them even being supported by democratic governments.) But modern authoritarian governments don't have much in common with Hitler when it comes to how they gain power and handle it. And the international organisations and institutions that did not exist during the Europe of interwar years now constitute fortresses against the calamity that struck Germany."

Frankfurter Rundschau - Germany | 01/03/2007

Sir Ian Kershaw on the German victims of Allied bombing

Are the Germans trying to portray themselves as victims of the Second World War with films and books about carpet bombings and expulsion? Naturally, there were German victims too, but the Germans were certainly not a nation of victims, British historian Sir Ian Kershaw asserts in an interview with Christian Schlüter. "The carpet bombings were a cruel instrument of war used against the civilian population. No one would approve of such a thing today. But at the same time Germany could have prevented this: if it had capitulated earlier there would have been no more bombs. The victims of the National Socialists had no means to end their suffering. There is therefore a fundamental difference between the bombings and the crimes perpetrated in the name of Germany, not just regarding the annihilation of the Jews, but also regarding the civilian population in occupied territories, particularly in the East. The crimes of the NS regime were committed in the name of an ideology. The bombings were, I would like to stress once more, a cruel instrument of war."

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