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Bruckner, Pascal

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5 articles of this author have been cited in the European Press Review so far.

Le Soir - Belgium | 31/08/2007

Pascal Bruckner on the double trap of fanatism

The French philosopher Pascal Bruckner considers that "facing fanaticism, democracies do of course benefit from military and police force. But their main weapon remains the gentleness of their mores and their intellectual rigour: by opposing the ardour of the immoderate with irony, incredulity and refutation, waging the war of ideas everywhere, encouraging moderates by isolating the core of kamikazes, advocating a rational management of dangers without minimizing or overestimating them, offering idle youths alternatively thrilling and ennobling prospects of individual success, of enrichment and of solidarity. ... The refusal of violent obscurantism is an on-going victory over our selves, over our cowardice and our fundamental ferocity. Fanatics set us a double mortal trap: to surrender to them or to resemble them."

Perlentaucher - Germany | 24/01/2007

Pascal Bruckner about the paradoxon of multiculturalism

French philosopher Pascal Bruckner answers Ian Buruma and Timothy Garton Ash, who accuse Ayaan Hirsi Ali of being an "Enlightenment fundamentalist." "In multiculturalism, every human group has a singularity and legitimacy that form the basis of its right to exist, conditioning its interaction with others. The criteria of just and unjust, criminal and barbarian, disappear before the absolute criterion of respect for difference. There is no longer any eternal truth: the belief in this stems from naïve ethnocentrism... However it is one thing to recognise the convictions and rites of fellow citizens of different origins, and another to give one's blessing to hostile insular communities that throw up ramparts between themselves and the rest of society. How can we bless this difference if it excludes humanity instead of welcoming it? This is the paradox of multiculturalism: it accords the same treatment to all communities, but not to the people who form them, denying them the freedom to liberate themselves from their own traditions."

Le Figaro - France | 14/11/2006

Pascal Bruckner on historical memory

In an interview conducted by Marie-Laure Germon and Stéphane Marchand, the French philosopher Pascal Bruckner debates with the historian Benjamin Stora on the way countries deal with historical memory. For Bruckner, "It is not enough to repent for past crimes. Responsibility should also be felt for contemporary crimes. On this point, I have noticed that Europe prefers the comfort of guilt to the demands of responsibility regarding contemporary atrocities. We are, to use a classic theological term, in a state of 'peaceful bad conscience' which leads to inaction. Europe no longer has any enemies, only partners. It would like to walk away from History on tip toe. In the tempestuous zone where we are situated, such behaviour is suicidal. A choice has to be made between penitence and resistance."

Le Monde - France | 04/10/2006

Defending freedom of expression

The daily has published an appeal in support of Robert Redeker signed by a score of public figures. "A handful of fanatics is currently brandishing so-called religious laws in order to call into question our country's most fundamental freedoms. This threat comes in addition to the mutterings here and there in Europe that provocation should be avoided to spare supposed foreign sensibilities ... Times are once again hard in Europe. This is no time for cowardice. We therefore solemnly appeal to the authorities not only to continue to protect, as they already are doing, Robert Redeker and his family, but, in a strong political gesture, to pledge to meet his material needs as long as he is danger, just as the British authorities did throughout the duration of the Rushdie affair."

Libération - France | 06/03/2006

Bruckner denounces Europe's moral weakness

The French writer Pascal Bruckner, regarded by many as a neo-conservative, reflects on the row over the Prophet Muhammad cartoons. "We would have expected a minimum of dignity from Europe, a fine gesture: that it recall its ambassadors, temporarily suspend all aid to the Palestinians who vowed death to our diplomats, expel the seditious imams who stirred up rage by spreading the disputed drawings ... Europe chose to bow down: the Danes, abandoned by everyone, got into a whole muddle of laboured apologies; our leaders acted like Pontius Pilate ... Javier Solana, who we saw to be much more spirited when dealing with the Serbs, became a travelling salesman of atonement towards the Arab governments."   

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